Monthly Archives: January 2012

Exercise 2

Below are extended exercise for you to attempt. It is best practiced in pairs or group activity.


Benefits and Qualifications:

  A benefit is something you receive from a job.

qualification is something you need to do a job.

Look at the following list of vocabulary items. Are they benefits of a job or qualifications for a job?

__________________  promotion

__________________  work experience

__________________  medical insurance

__________________  vacation

__________________ bachelor/masters/doctor/degree

__________________  references

__________________  salary

__________________  wage

__________________  housing

__________________  license

__________________  commissions

__________________  tips

__________________  bonus

__________________  being well-spoken

__________________  being hardworking

__________________  discount on goods

__________________  training courses

__________________  dental insurance

__________________  creativity

__________________  report card/transcript

__________________  raise

__________________  neat appearance/dress

In a group, decide what the most important qualifications and benefits are?

Most Important Benefits

Most Important Qualifications



There are many ways to ask about another person’s abilities: You can say any of the following:

Can you speak another language?

Are you hardworking?

Are you good at making sales?

Are you able to work on Sundays?

Do you know how to use Excel?

Do you have a driver’s license?   


Skill or Ability



Your Partner’s Answer

Can you . . . Yes/No

Extra Info

Yes/No Extra Info
use Power Point?
face new challenges?
speak another language?
Are you . . .
Are you good at . . .
writing business letters?
making sales?
Are you able to . . .
work alone?
work under pressure?
translate correspondence?
Do you know how to . . .
use Microsoft Excel?
prioritize tasks?
use a word processor?
Do you have . . .
any experience?
a driver’s license?
any degrees?




interview-lesson plan

Exercise 1

Welcome to practice zone!

Click on the links below to try out the Exercise designed to test your general understanding on Job Interview. The practice comes in different form of questions.


All the best!

Reading comprehension test with 1 passage, 5 multiple-choice questions and  5 True-False questions:

10 omitted items in cloze test (fill-in-the-blanks):

5 sentence construction questions:

5 items for matching questions (drag-n-drop):

10 items for crossword puzzle

Teacher’s Guide

This section provides teachers to utilize the content in this blog as teaching material. Bear in mind that this is a way to guide teachers to use blog to replace their traditional method of teaching English for specific purposes (ESP). Thus, teachers are not restricted to follow all procedures as suggested in the lesson plan. There are other strategies that can be implemented to incorporate the content in this blog according to your students’ needs and facilities support.


Happy teaching teachers! 

Lesson Plan

Lesson Duration 4 hours (2hrs + 2hrs)
Target Learners Business Administration students
Proficiency Level Intermediate
Skills Speaking, Listening, Reading, Writing
Objective To prepare business students with the required language skills for job interview in order to perform their best in getting jobs.
Educational Background Diploma, Degree
Teaching Aids Learning Blog
Teaching Approaches Communicative Approach
Course Outcomes At the end of the day, students should
be able to :
  • describe the general principles of job interview.
  • identify appropriate job advertisement according to ones qualification.
  • respond to job advertisement in various ways.
  • explain the preparation before, during and after the interview.
  • write comprehensible application letter and resume.
  • speak in appropriate language and manner in mock interview session.
  •  practice tips learned in mock interview session.


Teaching Procedures



Teacher’s Activity

Students’ Activity



(10 minutes)

  • Teacher greets the students.
  • Teacher shows students newspaper classifieds on job advertisement.
  • Teacher gives a brief explanation about the activity of the day.
  • Students respond.
  •  Job advertisement articles.
Development I

Understanding general principles in Job Interview session.

(20 minutes)

  • Teacher starts the lesson for the day.
  • Teacher explains the definition and purposes of job interview.
  • Students listen attentively and ask questions.
Interactivelearning blog.

  • Lesson 1
Development II

First step

(30 minutes)

  • Teacher asks students on the first step to look for a job.
  • Teacher describes in details on how to respond to a job advertisement.
  • Students respond.
  • Students take notes and listen carefully.
Interactive learning blog.

  • Newspaper cutting on job advertisements
  • Lesson 2
  • Lesson 3
Development III

Preparing for the interview

(30 minutes)

  • Teacher asks students on general tips to prepare for the interview.
  • Teacher explains the preparation before, during and after the interview.
  • Students respond.
  • Students take notes and listen attentively.
Interactive learning blog.

  • Lesson 4
Development IV

Writing Skills

(1 hour)

  • Teacher initiates discussion on documents needed for interview session.
  • Teacher goes through the procedure to write Application Letter and Curriculum Vitae.
  • Teacher asks students to write application letter and resume of their own.
  • Students respond.
  • Students take notes and listen attentively.
  • Students attempt the practice.
Interactive learning blog.

  • Lesson 5
  • Lesson 6
  • Exercise 2
Development V

Mock interview

(1 hour)

  • Teacher initiates discussion on frequently asked questions during interview.
  • Teacher reveals some of the questions.
  • Teacher also shares tips for successful interview session.
  • Teacher asks students to be in pairs and attempt mock interview practice.
  • Students respond.
  • Students attempt the task.
  • Students bring along the application letter and resume they have made in previous activity to the interview session.
Interactive learning blog.

  • Lesson 7
  • Exercise 2
Development VI

Exercise 1

(30 minutes) 

  • Teacher asks students to do Exercise 1 to test their understanding on general issues in job interview session.
  •  Students do the exercise
Interactive learning blog.

  • Exercise 1

(5 minutes)


  • Teacher asks feedbacks from the students.
  • Teacher wraps up the entire lesson and dismisses the class.
  • Students clarify doubts with the teacher (if any).

Lesson 6

Writing Curriculum Vitae (CV)/Resume

A CV/Resume is a document that summarizes your personal data such as education, qualifications, skills, work experience and references.

A well designed resume presents the information in sections with headings. Choose a format that is informative and attractive to the reader. Among the items to consider when preparing the resume include:

  • Research the job market – Learn about the jobs available, qualifications and potential employers. The best resumes are targeted for specific jobs with specific companies.
  • Analyze your strength – Determine what aspects of your education, experience and personal characteristics will be assets to prospective employers.
  • Study models of resumes – Look at other resumes for formatting and element placement ideas. Experiment with headings and styles to achieve an artistic, readable product.
  • Identify yourself – List your name, address and telephone number. Skip the word “resume”.
  • Include a career objective for a targeted job – If the resume is intended for a specific job, include a statement tailored to it. Objective: Programming position in an IT company.
  • Name your degree, date of graduation and institution – Emphasize your education if your experience is limited.
  • Itemize your jobs – Start with the most recent jobs. Give the employers name and city, dates of employment and most significant job title.
  • Describe you experience – Use action verbs to summarize achievements and skills relevant to your targeted job.
  • Present nontechnical skills
  • Give evidence of communication, management and interpersonal skills – Employers want more than empty assurances: try to quantify your skills and accomplishments.
  • Highlight computer skills – All employees who are proficient with word processing, databases and spreadsheets.
  • Show that you are a well rounded individual – List awards, experiences and extracurricular activities –  particularly if they demonstrate leadership, teamwork, reliability, loyalty, industry, efficiency and self-sufficiency.

Types of Resume

Chronological Resume

the most popular resume is the chronological resume. It lists work history- job by job — starting with the most recent one. Such format quickly reveals a candidate’s work and promotion record. It works well with candidates who have experience in that particular field of employment and for those who have steady career growth.

Sample chronological resume (click the following links)

Functional Resume

The Functional Resume focuses on a candidate’s skills rather than on past employment. Like a chronological resume, the functional resume begins with the candidate’s name, address, telephone number, job objective and education. However, instead of listing jobs, the resume classifies skills and accomplishment in special categories.

Sample functional resume (click the following links)

Combination Resume

This particular resume draws the best features of the chronological resume and functional resume. It emphasize a candidate’s capabilities while also including a complete job history.

For fresh graduates, this type of resume is a good choice because it enables them to profile what they can do for a prospective employer.

Sample combination resume (click the following links)

Lesson 5

How to write Letter of Application

The purpose of writing the letter is to convince the employer that you are the right candidate for the position.

The three important items in the letter are:

  • Introducing yourself
  • Highlighting your strength
  • Gaining an interview

Usually the letter of application is written in response to a particular advertisement. This means that each letter needs to the requirements of the jobs advertised.

Parts of an Application Letter

An application letter should have three main parts:

  1. an opening
  2. a body
  3. a closing

The Opening Paragraph

it refers to the advertisement and name the position for which one is applying. This immediately makes the employer aware of the purpose of the letter and enables him to identify the position that is being applied for. The subject heading is the position that you applied for. The current position is mentioned in the introductory paragraph.


  1. I wish to be considered for the post of Accounts Executive which was advertised in “The Star” dated 31 October 2011. I believe that my current position as “Assistant Accountant” has provided me with the knowledge and skill necessary for the job.
  2. With reference to your advertisement in the New Straits times dated 22 November 2011. I would like to be considered as a candidate for the post of “Junior Accountant” in your firm. I believe that I have the necessary qualifications and experience to meet the demand of the position advertised.

The Body

The main aim of this part is to impress the employer by:

  • Stating your most relevant knowledge/work experience/skills and how you can contribute to the organization
  • Referring your reader to your resume


  1. Please refer to the attached resume for additional information regarding my education, experience and references.
  2. As you will notice from my resume, I have been working as an … for the past five years. My responsibilities include…

The Closing Paragraph

The closing paragraph normally has items such as:

  • Expected salary
  • Request for an interview


  1. I look forward to meeting you at an interview at your convenience.
  2. If you could grant me an  interview, I would appreciate the opportunity of providing you with any further information you require.
Sample Job Application Letter

ImageCheck out the sample to learn how to do a formal job application letter

Vicky Rao
Suite 12B, Floor 5,
Jalan kenaga 2/3V,
49000, Petaling Jaya

Mr. Albert Lim
Human Resource Manager,
No 19, Jln Raja Laut
58000 Kuala Lumpur
Malaysia                                                                                                           12th January 2012

Dear Sir,

RE: Applying for the post of Programmer

I am writing to apply for the programmer position advertised in the News Straits Times . As requested, I am enclosing  my certification, my resume and three references.

The opportunity presented in this listing is very interesting, and I believe that my strong technical experience and education will make me a very competitive candidate for this position. The key strengths that I possess for success in this position include:

  • I have successfully designed, developed, and supported live use applications
  • I strive for continued excellence
  • I provide exceptional contributions to customer service for all customers

With a BS degree in Computer Programming, I have a full understanding of the full life cycle of a software development project.

I also have experience in learning and excelling at new technologies as needed. Please see my resume for additional information on my experience.

I can be reached anytime via my cell phone, 012-485 3675. Thank you for your time and consideration. I look forward to speaking with you about this employment opportunity.


Vicky Rao




Below are list of useful websites for you to have better understanding and information on interview strategies. Happy browsing!

AceTheInterview –

AceTheInterview is totally dedicated to about every aspect of the job hunt you can think of.  Their interview section has important notes on things such as do’s & don’ts, the touchy area of salary negotiations, an interview checklist and more.
CareerBuilder –  

The popular mainstream job hunting site offers numerous tips on all aspects of the application and interview process, tips on marketing yourself, how to promote your hidden job skills and more.


InterviewBest –

Helps you come up with concise interview presentations that present your strong points and how you would benefit a company.


Monster – 

The well known job search site also offers quizzes you can use to see how ready you are for various aspects of your job hunt as well as a random job interview question generator.


QuintCareers – 

Is a site dedicated to preparing you for your job hunt with over 3,500 pages of free career advice.  They have a large section dedicated to what to expect from the interview process and how best to prepare for it. – 

MAELE is an e-community of Malaysian English Language Educators.  This site share ideas, stories, and experiences about language teaching, learning, and research. They are looking forward to work together on series of research projects and paper presentations. In brief, MAELE can be described as following:

MAELE is a non-political, non-religious, and nonprofit entity. It is open to Malaysians but access to this site will soon be based on registered membership.

MAELE helps to promote Malaysian language educators’ expertise by giving them a ‘space’ to advertise their CVs, papers, activities, ideas,  research findings, and their language-based products.

MAELE welcomes suggestions from members and visitors to improve this site.

MAELE  is an outcome of the webmaster’s Internet involvement in teaching.

MAELE was inspired in1998.

Lesson 7

Here are some of the questions which may be asked during the interview. It may varies according to different context of interview sessions. Some of them are simple to justify and some are complicated to be answered.

  1. Tell me about yourself
  2. Do you consider yourself an active student when you were in school/university?
  3. Do you enjoy you school/university days?
  4. Do you think co-curriculum activities in school/university benefits the students?
  5. Who influenced you most in your life?
  6. Do you think it’s an asset for someone to be able to speak in more than one language?
  7. What is your dream career?
  8. Do you consider yourself a well disciplined person?
  9. What do you know about the position you are applying for?
  10. What do you know about our organization?
  11. Why do you think that you are suitable for this job?
  12. Do you have any job experience that you think is useful to us?
  13. What do you see in our organization that is favourable to you?
  14. Tell us about your personal objectives that you hope to achieve?
  15. Tel us what you have learned in your courses that you think is useful for this position you are applying for?

Ok. So what do you think? Can you answer  those questions? I hope so.

If you are bored of wording, may be you want to watch thesevideos  on tips of answering some interview questions.

How do you find those videos? I hope it will benefit in your future interviews. Now, below is a video on 12 top tips for successful interviews. Happy watching and remember to practice it in any interview sessions.

Lesson 4

Preparing for the interview

Before the interview

When you received the letter from the organization inviting you to an interview, it means that you have an opportunity to be employed for the first time or a chance to attain a better position based on your current experience. Before attending the interview, here is a list of things which you should do before attending the interview:

  1. Find about the position
  2. Study the company
  3. Identify your strength
  4. Get ready the relevant documents

During the interview

During the interview, an applicant should consider the following in order to succeed:

  • Look good and behave properly
  • Know the organization and the job
  • Respond to the employer’s needs
  • Prepare for important questions
  • Be honest
  • Keep your answers brief
  • Ask questions
  • Close the interview

After the interview

The interview does not end after the session. You should immediately do a follow-up by sending a letter to the person who interviewed you. This letter serves several purposes:

  • It demonstrates common courtesy.
  • It reminds the employer of you.
  • It gives a chance to remind the interviewer of important information about you that came up in the interview.
  • It can correct any misunderstandings that might have occurred during the interview.
  • It can tactfully remind the interviewer of promises made such as a second interview or a response by a certain date.