Lesson 6

Writing Curriculum Vitae (CV)/Resume

A CV/Resume is a document that summarizes your personal data such as education, qualifications, skills, work experience and references.

A well designed resume presents the information in sections with headings. Choose a format that is informative and attractive to the reader. Among the items to consider when preparing the resume include:

  • Research the job market – Learn about the jobs available, qualifications and potential employers. The best resumes are targeted for specific jobs with specific companies.
  • Analyze your strength – Determine what aspects of your education, experience and personal characteristics will be assets to prospective employers.
  • Study models of resumes – Look at other resumes for formatting and element placement ideas. Experiment with headings and styles to achieve an artistic, readable product.
  • Identify yourself – List your name, address and telephone number. Skip the word “resume”.
  • Include a career objective for a targeted job – If the resume is intended for a specific job, include a statement tailored to it. Objective: Programming position in an IT company.
  • Name your degree, date of graduation and institution – Emphasize your education if your experience is limited.
  • Itemize your jobs – Start with the most recent jobs. Give the employers name and city, dates of employment and most significant job title.
  • Describe you experience – Use action verbs to summarize achievements and skills relevant to your targeted job.
  • Present nontechnical skills
  • Give evidence of communication, management and interpersonal skills – Employers want more than empty assurances: try to quantify your skills and accomplishments.
  • Highlight computer skills – All employees who are proficient with word processing, databases and spreadsheets.
  • Show that you are a well rounded individual – List awards, experiences and extracurricular activities –  particularly if they demonstrate leadership, teamwork, reliability, loyalty, industry, efficiency and self-sufficiency.

Types of Resume

Chronological Resume

the most popular resume is the chronological resume. It lists work history- job by job — starting with the most recent one. Such format quickly reveals a candidate’s work and promotion record. It works well with candidates who have experience in that particular field of employment and for those who have steady career growth.

Sample chronological resume (click the following links)


Functional Resume

The Functional Resume focuses on a candidate’s skills rather than on past employment. Like a chronological resume, the functional resume begins with the candidate’s name, address, telephone number, job objective and education. However, instead of listing jobs, the resume classifies skills and accomplishment in special categories.

Sample functional resume (click the following links)

Combination Resume

This particular resume draws the best features of the chronological resume and functional resume. It emphasize a candidate’s capabilities while also including a complete job history.

For fresh graduates, this type of resume is a good choice because it enables them to profile what they can do for a prospective employer.

Sample combination resume (click the following links)

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