Category Archives: 1. Lessons

Lesson 6

Writing Curriculum Vitae (CV)/Resume

A CV/Resume is a document that summarizes your personal data such as education, qualifications, skills, work experience and references.

A well designed resume presents the information in sections with headings. Choose a format that is informative and attractive to the reader. Among the items to consider when preparing the resume include:

  • Research the job market – Learn about the jobs available, qualifications and potential employers. The best resumes are targeted for specific jobs with specific companies.
  • Analyze your strength – Determine what aspects of your education, experience and personal characteristics will be assets to prospective employers.
  • Study models of resumes – Look at other resumes for formatting and element placement ideas. Experiment with headings and styles to achieve an artistic, readable product.
  • Identify yourself – List your name, address and telephone number. Skip the word “resume”.
  • Include a career objective for a targeted job – If the resume is intended for a specific job, include a statement tailored to it. Objective: Programming position in an IT company.
  • Name your degree, date of graduation and institution – Emphasize your education if your experience is limited.
  • Itemize your jobs – Start with the most recent jobs. Give the employers name and city, dates of employment and most significant job title.
  • Describe you experience – Use action verbs to summarize achievements and skills relevant to your targeted job.
  • Present nontechnical skills
  • Give evidence of communication, management and interpersonal skills – Employers want more than empty assurances: try to quantify your skills and accomplishments.
  • Highlight computer skills – All employees who are proficient with word processing, databases and spreadsheets.
  • Show that you are a well rounded individual – List awards, experiences and extracurricular activities –  particularly if they demonstrate leadership, teamwork, reliability, loyalty, industry, efficiency and self-sufficiency.

Types of Resume

Chronological Resume

the most popular resume is the chronological resume. It lists work history- job by job — starting with the most recent one. Such format quickly reveals a candidate’s work and promotion record. It works well with candidates who have experience in that particular field of employment and for those who have steady career growth.

Sample chronological resume (click the following links)

Functional Resume

The Functional Resume focuses on a candidate’s skills rather than on past employment. Like a chronological resume, the functional resume begins with the candidate’s name, address, telephone number, job objective and education. However, instead of listing jobs, the resume classifies skills and accomplishment in special categories.

Sample functional resume (click the following links)

Combination Resume

This particular resume draws the best features of the chronological resume and functional resume. It emphasize a candidate’s capabilities while also including a complete job history.

For fresh graduates, this type of resume is a good choice because it enables them to profile what they can do for a prospective employer.

Sample combination resume (click the following links)

Lesson 5

How to write Letter of Application

The purpose of writing the letter is to convince the employer that you are the right candidate for the position.

The three important items in the letter are:

  • Introducing yourself
  • Highlighting your strength
  • Gaining an interview

Usually the letter of application is written in response to a particular advertisement. This means that each letter needs to the requirements of the jobs advertised.

Parts of an Application Letter

An application letter should have three main parts:

  1. an opening
  2. a body
  3. a closing

The Opening Paragraph

it refers to the advertisement and name the position for which one is applying. This immediately makes the employer aware of the purpose of the letter and enables him to identify the position that is being applied for. The subject heading is the position that you applied for. The current position is mentioned in the introductory paragraph.


  1. I wish to be considered for the post of Accounts Executive which was advertised in “The Star” dated 31 October 2011. I believe that my current position as “Assistant Accountant” has provided me with the knowledge and skill necessary for the job.
  2. With reference to your advertisement in the New Straits times dated 22 November 2011. I would like to be considered as a candidate for the post of “Junior Accountant” in your firm. I believe that I have the necessary qualifications and experience to meet the demand of the position advertised.

The Body

The main aim of this part is to impress the employer by:

  • Stating your most relevant knowledge/work experience/skills and how you can contribute to the organization
  • Referring your reader to your resume


  1. Please refer to the attached resume for additional information regarding my education, experience and references.
  2. As you will notice from my resume, I have been working as an … for the past five years. My responsibilities include…

The Closing Paragraph

The closing paragraph normally has items such as:

  • Expected salary
  • Request for an interview


  1. I look forward to meeting you at an interview at your convenience.
  2. If you could grant me an  interview, I would appreciate the opportunity of providing you with any further information you require.
Sample Job Application Letter

ImageCheck out the sample to learn how to do a formal job application letter

Vicky Rao
Suite 12B, Floor 5,
Jalan kenaga 2/3V,
49000, Petaling Jaya

Mr. Albert Lim
Human Resource Manager,
No 19, Jln Raja Laut
58000 Kuala Lumpur
Malaysia                                                                                                           12th January 2012

Dear Sir,

RE: Applying for the post of Programmer

I am writing to apply for the programmer position advertised in the News Straits Times . As requested, I am enclosing  my certification, my resume and three references.

The opportunity presented in this listing is very interesting, and I believe that my strong technical experience and education will make me a very competitive candidate for this position. The key strengths that I possess for success in this position include:

  • I have successfully designed, developed, and supported live use applications
  • I strive for continued excellence
  • I provide exceptional contributions to customer service for all customers

With a BS degree in Computer Programming, I have a full understanding of the full life cycle of a software development project.

I also have experience in learning and excelling at new technologies as needed. Please see my resume for additional information on my experience.

I can be reached anytime via my cell phone, 012-485 3675. Thank you for your time and consideration. I look forward to speaking with you about this employment opportunity.


Vicky Rao



Lesson 7

Here are some of the questions which may be asked during the interview. It may varies according to different context of interview sessions. Some of them are simple to justify and some are complicated to be answered.

  1. Tell me about yourself
  2. Do you consider yourself an active student when you were in school/university?
  3. Do you enjoy you school/university days?
  4. Do you think co-curriculum activities in school/university benefits the students?
  5. Who influenced you most in your life?
  6. Do you think it’s an asset for someone to be able to speak in more than one language?
  7. What is your dream career?
  8. Do you consider yourself a well disciplined person?
  9. What do you know about the position you are applying for?
  10. What do you know about our organization?
  11. Why do you think that you are suitable for this job?
  12. Do you have any job experience that you think is useful to us?
  13. What do you see in our organization that is favourable to you?
  14. Tell us about your personal objectives that you hope to achieve?
  15. Tel us what you have learned in your courses that you think is useful for this position you are applying for?

Ok. So what do you think? Can you answer  those questions? I hope so.

If you are bored of wording, may be you want to watch thesevideos  on tips of answering some interview questions.

How do you find those videos? I hope it will benefit in your future interviews. Now, below is a video on 12 top tips for successful interviews. Happy watching and remember to practice it in any interview sessions.

Lesson 4

Preparing for the interview

Before the interview

When you received the letter from the organization inviting you to an interview, it means that you have an opportunity to be employed for the first time or a chance to attain a better position based on your current experience. Before attending the interview, here is a list of things which you should do before attending the interview:

  1. Find about the position
  2. Study the company
  3. Identify your strength
  4. Get ready the relevant documents

During the interview

During the interview, an applicant should consider the following in order to succeed:

  • Look good and behave properly
  • Know the organization and the job
  • Respond to the employer’s needs
  • Prepare for important questions
  • Be honest
  • Keep your answers brief
  • Ask questions
  • Close the interview

After the interview

The interview does not end after the session. You should immediately do a follow-up by sending a letter to the person who interviewed you. This letter serves several purposes:

  • It demonstrates common courtesy.
  • It reminds the employer of you.
  • It gives a chance to remind the interviewer of important information about you that came up in the interview.
  • It can correct any misunderstandings that might have occurred during the interview.
  • It can tactfully remind the interviewer of promises made such as a second interview or a response by a certain date.


Lesson 3

How to respond to a job advertisement

Click on this picture to have bigger view.


Lesson 2

Preparing for the interview

The initial preparation actually begins from the moment you read an advertisement that interest you. Your first impression of a possible future employment will often come from the advertisement that you answer. This can sometimes reveal considerable information, not just about the job, but also the employer. It takes careful reading to assess the firm that has put out the advertisement. Some firms tend to exaggerate so as to make the organization and the job sound attractive. The advertisement will normally contain the following:


  • The job title
  • A brief summary of duties
  • A brief indication of the sort of person required
  • The salary range
  • ‘When’ the person is required
  • The date by which applications must be submitted
  • The address to which the applications should be sent
  • The method of application

Lesson 1

Definition of job interviews

A job interview involves a purposeful exchange of information for a predetermined purpose in a structured situation. The job interview is the action that you desire from your letter and resume. A job interview is a real-life test in which you show how well you have been trained and how well you can apply what you have learned. In addition, you may need specific knowledge or skills in order to succeed in getting job you want. Business is highly competitive and the person who is the most successful in presenting his or her qualifications will most likely get the position.

Purposes of job interviews

A job interview is your opportunity to convince a potential employer that you are the best person for the job. It is a situation created as a result of your responding to the position advertised. It is also your first face-to-face encounter with your employer. You, therefore, should be ready to speak clearly and to ask appropriate questions when asked by the panel of interviewers.